New cases of HIV in Shanghai 'stable': officials

2018-11-30


New HIV infections in Shanghai remained relatively low, with only 2,050 new cases reported by November 20 this year, a 2.7-percent drop, officials from Shanghai Health Commission on Friday ahead of the World AIDS Day.


On top of that, 751 people living with HIV developed AIDS so far this year, a rise of 0.8 percent. A total of 200 people died of AIDS-related illnesses this year, up 18.3 percent.


Since the city saw its first HIV infection in 1987, Shanghai has reported a total of 22,047 cases of HIV, including 7,416 who went on to develop AIDS and 1,678 who died of AIDS-related illnesses.


Officials said the number of people infected with the HIV virus remained stable.


Men still make up the majority of new infections, with 91.1 percent of new HIV cases reported this year being male, the same as last year.


“Sex is still the major spreading vehicle of the HIV virus, with infection between MSM (men who have sex with men) being the main source,” said Wu Jinglei, director of Shanghai Health Commission. Sexual intercourse led to 94.7 percent of new cases, 59.4 percent of whom were MSM.


The city reported 63 students being infected with HIV so far this year, and all were male — 82.5 percent were MSM, Wu said.


There has been no reports of mother to infant infection among local registered children for the past 10 years.


The theme of this year’s World AIDS Day is “Know Your Status,” which is to promote the awareness of testing, the only way to identity whether a person is infected with HIV.


“Statistics said only 54 percent of people infected with HIV virus are aware of their condition — it is a challenging job preventing HIV infection from a highly risky population to the general population,” said Fu Chen, director of Shanghai Center for Disease Control and Prevention. “The city will launch a monthlong campaign in December to provide education and consultation in order to further promote testing.”


Shanghai has been working hard on HIV and AIDS prevention and control in recent years through enhancing public education and epidemic monitoring, promoting the availability of condom use in entertainment venues, and furthering the availability of testing.


So far a trio network has been established from the neighborhood and district to the city level, and all neighborhood health centers can offer consultation on HIV testing and have the ability to perform instant HIV and syphilis testing.



Source: SHINE

Editor: Wang Qingchu


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