Religious Culture

Shanghai’s major religions include Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism and Christianity. There are 262 venues for religious activities, over 700,000 believers and 1,487 people working for religions. There are 9 religious groups at the municipal level, including Shanghai Buddhism Association, Shanghai Taoism Association, Shanghai Islam Association, Catholic shanghai Diocese, Shanghai Catholicism Patriotic Association, Shanghai Catholic Educational Committee, Shanghai Catholic Intellectuals Association, Shanghai Christianity Service Committee, and Shanghai Christianity Sanzi Patriotic Movement Committee. There are 5 religious schools, including Shanghai Buddhism Institute, Shanghai Taoism Institute, China Catholicism Sheshan Convent School, Shanghai Catholic Convent, Christianity East China Theological Institute. There are two publishing organizations of religious studies including Shanghai Buddhism Bookstore and Catholicism Guangqi Agency.

Dongjiadu Catholic Church

It is also named Catholic Church of Savorett. Built in 1853, it was then the first Catholic church in China. IWell preserved up till today, it is a baroque architecture of the Renaissance period.

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Jing'an Temple

Jing'an Temple literally " Temple of Peace and Tranquility") is a Buddhist temple on West Nanjing Rd., in Jing'an District.

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Longhua Temple

"Longhua Bells in the Evening" at the Longhua Temple is the only one left over from the original 8 sceneries of Old
Shanghai. As one of the popular 8 sceneries in old Shanghai at the turn of 20th century, it can compare favorably with the evening bells at the Hanshan Temple in Suzhou. Whenever at midnight, the wonderful bell sounds heard in tranquility make people feel refined and refresh.

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Moen Church on Xizang Rd.

The wood-and-brick structure is a Christian church of American-style architecture with a tall bell tower. The auditorium can accommodate 1,000 people.

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Qinciyang Hall Taoist Temple

Also named Dongyuexinggong Palace, it is located at Yuanshen Rd. in Pudong New Ares, without confirmed date of construction. It is also said to be named "Jin Si Niang Hall". Annals of Shanghai County of Qing Dynasty recorded as follows "It was said to be built in Tang Dynasty. On the beam are some characters reading 'the construction supervised by the official Qin Shubao.' People were later made believe the story of construction in Tang Dynasty. In the 35 th year of Emperor Qian Long period the magistrate Qing Tai here makes the record at the time of reconstruction".

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Community Church on Hengshan Rd.

Located on Hengshan Rd in Xuhui District, the church occupies an area of 7,300 sq.m. with a floor space of 1,372 sq.m. It is a modern Gothic wood-and-brick architecture. It can accommodate 1,400 people and is the largest Christian church in Shanghai.

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Xiaotaoyuan Mosque

Originally named West Mosque, it is also called Muslim Mosque in West city. It is a four-block Islamic architecture of west Asia with dome roofs. The prayer hall is built of reinforced concrete structure. Shanghai Islam association is found here.

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Xujiahui Catholic Cathedral

First built during the Qing Dynasty (1896), it is a medieval Gothic architecture. The bell tower is 60-m high. The whole building is constructed with red bricks and framed with granite. On the front wall is a large round window with stained glass. The whole building looks magnificent and sedate with a divine atmosphere. It used to be called No 1 building in Shanghai. It is now the religious center for modate over 2,000 worshippers at one time.

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Jade Buddha Temple

The Jade Buddha Temple is a Buddhist temple in Shanghai. As with most modern Chinese Buddhist temples, the current temple draws from both the Pure Land and Chan traditions of Mahayana Buddhism. It was founded in 1882 with two jade Buddha statues imported to Shanghai from Burma by sea. These were a sitting Buddha (1.95 metres tall, 3 tonnes ), and a smaller reclining Buddha representing Buddha's death. The temple now also contains a much larger reclining Buddha made of marble, donated from Singapore, and visitors may mistake this larger sculpture for the original, smaller piece.

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Fazangjiang Temple

Fazhangjiang Temple, together with other three temples, Jade Buddha Temple, Longhua Temple and Jing'an Temple were called as four famous temples in Shanghai. It was established by Tiantai ancestor, Xingci Master in 1924. Takes up an area of 0.4 hectares, it took five years to build up. The temple with a tower appearance forms a unique style in all of the temples of Shanghai.

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